Famous captains on HMS BOUNTY and SANTA MARIA SHIPS


WILLIAM BLIGH: He was at a higher post of the British royal navy and was a high-rank officer and also a colonial administrator. He was the one who was commanding HMS BOUNTY in the year 1789. A very famous historic mutiny occurred during his captainship, the men under him made a remarkable voyage to TIMOR. After that revolt had occurred he was appointed as the Governor of New South Wales in Australia.


In the year 1787, Bligh took command over this ship. Under his command, the ship was sailed to Tahiti to get breadfruit trees, then afterwards it sailed to the Caribbean where this breadfruit was tested whether it could be a successful crop for the slaves out there or not. But before reaching the Caribbean this ship faced a mutiny soon after Bligh commanded to leave Tahiti. The voyage to Tahiti was also quite difficult.


The riot took place on 28 April 1789 during the return journey and since this ship had a tiny crew, Bligh divided his crew into three watches. But at the night of mutiny all the mutineers Bligh was bound in his cabin along with the crew, and some officers were adrift from the HMS BOUNTY. So the moment Bligh was bounded the ship was overtaken by the mutineers. But as a great captain Bligh had confidence in himself and also in his navigation skills. He realised his responsibility and made sure that all the men were safe. And then after that he was set for the voyage to Timor, which was sailing around 3,618 miles which is quite impossible.  So he proved that he was a great captain also showed the act of seamanship as he successfully reached Timor.


After the court martial of Bligh and all the inquiry related to loss of the Bounty, he remained in the royal navy. From the year 1791 to 93 as a master and captain of HMS BOUNTY, under the command of Portlock, he again came back to its previous mission that remain incomplete at that time. He undertook the transport of breadfruit from Tahiti to West Indies. And at this time the operation of breadfruit was lucky. Under his captainship, he also collected samples of the ackee fruit which are a native fruit of Jamaica. This fruit due to his efforts was introduced to the royal society in Britain upon his return.


The owner, as well as the captain of this ship, was Juan de la Cosa. He sailed with Cristopher Columbus on all the three voyages around the world. During the Columbus’ second voyage that took place on 1493, de la Cosa became the mariner and also cartographer on the ship named as Colina. At the time of the third one that took in the year 1498, de la Cosa was on the ship Nina. But somewhere in the history it is written that he did not participate in the third voyage.

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